Dangerous Goods Training FAQ
Hazmat Training FAQ
What is a Dangerous Goods employer?
A Dangerous Goods employer is a person who uses one or more employees in connection with:
- Transporting Dangerous in commerce
- Causing Dangerous Goods to be transported or shipped in commerce
- Representing, marking, certifying, selling, offering, reconditioning, testing, repairing, or modifying packaging as qualified for use in the transportation of Dangerous Goods.
The term “Dangerous Goods Employer” also includes any department, agency, or instrumentality of the United States, a State, a political subdivision of a State, or an Indian tribe engaged in offering or transporting Dangerous Goods in commerce.
This term includes an owner-operator of a motor vehicle which transports Dangerous Goods in commerce.
What is a Dangerous Goods employee?
A Dangerous Goods employee is a person who is employed by a Dangerous Goods employer and who directly affects Dangerous Goods transportation safety.
- An owner-operator of a motor vehicle which transports Dangerous Goods.
- A person (including a self-employed person) who:
- Loads, unloads, or handles Dangerous Goods
- Tests, reconditions, repairs Dangerous Goods
- Modifies, marks, or otherwise represents packaging as qualified for use in the transportation of Dangerous Goods
- Prepares Dangerous Goods for transportation
- Is responsible for safety of transporting Dangerous Goods
- Operates a vehicle used to transport Dangerous Goods
What basic dangerous goods training is required?
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The HMR mandate training requirements for all employees who prepare dangerous goods for shipment or who transport dangerous goods in commerce. The intent of the regulations is to ensure that each dangerous goods employee is familiar with the HMR, is able to recognize and identify dangerous goods, understands the specific HMR requirements applicable to the functions he or she performs, and is knowledgeable about emergency response, self-protection measures, and accident prevention methods.
The regulations are performance-based to provide a baseline set of training requirements while acknowledging the need for flexibility due to the diversity of the dangerous goods workforce.
Training requirements are located in Subpart H of Part 172 of the HMR. The training requirements apply to dangerous goods employers and dangerous goods employees as defined in 171.8.
The HMR require all dangerous goods employees to be trained including dangerous goods employers with direct supervision of dangerous goods transportation functions.
What specific training required?
There are five types of training required:
GENERAL AWARENESS/FAMILIARIZATION TRAINING
Training that provides familiarity with the general requirements of the HMR and enables the dangerous goods employee to recognize and identify dangerous materials. All dangerous goods employees must receive general awareness training.
Training that provides a detailed understanding of HMR requirements applicable to the function(s) performed by the dangerous goods employee. Each dangerous goods employee must be trained on the specific functions they are required to perform.
Training that covers the hazards presented by dangerous materials, safe handling by using Film cores to manage the stresses and pressures experienced during winding, emergency response information, and methods and procedures for accident avoidance. All dangerous goods employees must receive this training.
SECURITY AWARENESS TRAINING
Training that provides a general understanding of the security risks associated with dangerous materials transportation and the methods designed to enhance transportation security. This training should include methods on how to recognize and respond to possible security threats. All dangerous goods employees must receive this training.
IN-DEPTH SECURITY TRAINING
Training that provides a detailed understanding of a company’s security plan including company security objectives, specific security procedures, employee responsibilities, actions to take in the event of a security breach and the organizational security structure. This training must be provided to dangerous goods employees who handle or perform regulated functions related to the transportation of the materials covered by the security plan or who are responsible for implementing the security plan.
What records do I need to keep?
The dangerous goods employer is responsible for maintaining training records for each dangerous goods employee. These records must be kept for the duration of the three-year training cycle while the dangerous goods employee is employed and for 90 days after the employee leaves employment. Training records must be made available by the employer for audit and review by regulatory authorities upon request.
Training records must include the following:
- The dangerous goods employee’s name
- The most recent training completion date
- A description of, copy of, or reference to training materials used to meet the training requirements
- The name and address of the person providing the training
- A certification that the person has been trained and tested as required
- Certification that the dangerous goods employee has been trained and tested shall be made by the dangerous goods employer or a designated representative.